Tag Archives: Agrobacterium tumefaciens

How genetic modification is done: 1. Agrobacterium

Genetic modification (GM, genetic engineering) for eukaryotes matters because we humans are eukaryotes and we use eukaryotes. As you know, eukaryotes have nucleated cells. Among the eukaryotes we eat angiosperms (flowering, fruiting plants), herbivores which eat them, and predators which … Continue reading

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Séralini’s rat-feeding trial (part 2)

Professor Gilles-Eric Séralini is a French scientist researching pesticides and GM (genetically modified, genetically engineered) crops. A research paper from his team was published in 2012, retracted (withdrawn) in 2013 and republished in 2014. Here it is. This is the … Continue reading

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Séralini’s rat-feeding trial (part 1)

Professor Gilles-Eric Séralini is a French scientist researching pesticides and GM (genetically modified, genetically engineered) crops. A research paper from his team was published in 2012, retracted (withdrawn) in 2013 and republished in 2014. Here it is. This is the … Continue reading

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Biofortified GM bananas

James Dale is a scientist at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT, Australia). His lab has developed a genetically modified (GM, genetically engineered) banana (Musa × paradisiaca) rich in ‘pro-vitamin A’. Here’s the QUT report. This is the ‘super banana’ … Continue reading

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Roundup weedkiller and Roundup Ready crops

The world’s most popular weedkiller is called Roundup. It’s used in gardens, on farms and in public places. Many of the world’s most popular genetically modified (GM, genetically engineered) crops are called Roundup Ready. You can spray these crops with … Continue reading

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GM oilseeds for Britain?

This year in Britain, we heard there’d be no GM (genetically modified, genetically engineered, biotech) crops. It didn’t last. A new GM crop might soon be field-tested here. Eventually this crop might reduce pressure on overfished seas. A land plant … Continue reading

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GM apples

When apple (Malus domestica) fruits are cut or bitten, we all know that the cut surfaces turn brown. To stop this happening, here’s a range of genetically modified (GM, genetically engineered, GE) apples called Arctic apples. Ordinary apples turn brown … Continue reading

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